Class 8th S.S. Question Paper with Solution Annual Exam 2024

Class 8th S.S. Question Paper with Solution Annual Exam 2024

Subject: Social Science

Class: VIII

Duration: 3:00 hours                                                                               M.M.: 80

General Instructions:

  1. There are five sections and 40 questions in this paper.
  2. Section-A has 18 (Q. 1 to 18) Objective type Questions of 1 mark each. Do any 16 Questions.
  3. Section-B has 9 (Q. 19 to 27) Short Ans. type Ques. of 3 marks each. Do any 6 Questions.
  4. Section-C has 4 (Q. 28 to 31) Case Study based Questions of 4 marks each. Do all Questions.
  5. Section-D has 8 (Q. 32 to 39) Long Ans. type Questions of 5 marks each. Do any 5 Questions.
  6. Section-E has 1(Q. 40) map-based question. (2 marks from History & 3 marks from Geography.)

Note- Attach the filled-up map inside your answer book.

Section – A

Very Short Answer Type Questions. Do any 16 Questions.

  1. Match the following items given in column A with those in column B. Choose the correct answer from the options given below:

         Column A                                                                              Column B

  1. Rice                                          i) Moderate temperature and rainfall
  2. Wheat                                     ii) Low rainfall, high to moderate temperature
  3. Millets                                   iii) Moderate temperature and rainfall, bright sunshine
  4. Maize                                   iv) High temperature, High Humidity, High Rainfall

            Options:        

  1. a – ii, b – i, c-iv, d-iii
  2. a – iii,b – iv, c – i, d – ii
  3. a – iv, b-i, c-ii, d-iii
  4. a – i, b – iv, c – ii, d – iii

Ans. c) a – iv, b-i, c-ii, d-iii               

 

  1. What is the act of breaking a law as well as the breach or infringement of Fundamental Rights?
    a) Violation

    b) Acquit
    c) Dispute
    d) All of these

Ans. a)Violation

  1. What is the use of timber?
    a) Construction of houses
    b) Railways
    c) Furniture
    d) All of these

Ans.d )All of these

  1. What does ‘Emigration’mean?

Ans.Movement of the people to other countries.

  1. How is steel used by other industries as raw materials?

Ans. Steel is used by other industries as raw material in many ways. 

  1. Why is our environment changing?

Ans.Our environment is changing due to the increase in the temperature (global warning) caused by human activities , such as pollution .

  1. The accused person hasthe legal right to get a free copy of the FIR from the police.
  2. A fair trial is ensured by the Article21of the Constitution
  3. Which of the following is Not the region where very few people live?
  4. a) High altitude areas
    b) Plains
    c) High mountains
    d) Equatorial forest area
  5. Where was the iron and steel industry located before 1800 A.D.?

Ans.Before 1800 A.D. iron and steel industry was located where raw materials, power supply and running water were easily available.

  1. Define the term ‘Viticulture’.

Ans.The cultivation of grapes

  1. Who decides whether a person is guilty or not?
    a) Advocate
    b) Public prosecutor
    c) Judge
    d) Police
  2. Whom does this statue belong to?

  Warren Hastings

  1. Which statement is Not true about D.K. Basu’s Guidelines?

a) The police officials who carry out the arrest should wear clear accurate and visible identification and name tags with their designation.

b) A memo of arrest should be prepared at the time of arrest.

c) The person arrested, detained, or being interrogated does not have the right to inform a relative, friend, or well-wisher.

d)When a friend or relative is living outside the district, the time, place of arrest, and venue of custody must be notified by police within 8 to 12 hours after arrest

  1. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statement and choose the correct option:

            Assertion (A): In India agriculture is a primary activity.

Reason (R): Two-third of India’s population is dependent on agriculture.

            Options:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is correct but R is wrong.

d) A is wrong but R is correct.

Ans. a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

  1. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A):The Indian constitution provides us independent judiciary

Reason (R): The control that the politician holds over the judge does not allow for the judge to take an independent decision.

Options:

Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. 
b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. 
c) A is correct but R is wrong.
d) A is wrong but R is correct.

Ans. c) A is correct but R is wrong. 

  1. State whether true or false:

Reformers got full support from all sections of the people of the country.

Ans.  False

  1. Where do Adivasis live?

Ans. In or near a forest.

Section – B

Short Answer type questions: (Do any Six Questions)

  1. Who is the Public Prosecutor and what is his role?

Ans. The Public Prosecutor is considered as the agent of the state to represent the interest of common people in the criminal justice system.

Role of Public Prosecutor

A criminal offence, regarded as a public wrong is committed not only against the affected victims but against society as

a whole. It is the public prosecutor who represents the interests of the state. Their role begins after the police have

conducted the investigation and filed the charge sheet in the court. They have no role to play in the investigation.

The Prosecutor must conduct the prosecution on behalf of the State. As an officer of the court, it is their duty to act impartially, thus enabling the court to decide the case.

  1. What is Agricultural Development and what is the ultimate aim of agricultural development?

Ans.Agricultural Development refers to efforts made to increase farm production in order to meet the growing demand of increasing population. This can be achieved in many ways such as:

  1. Increasing the cropped area.
  2. Multiple cropping (Number of crops grown in a year)
  3. Improving irrigation facilities
  4. Use of fertilizers and high yielding variety of seeds.
  5. Mechanization of agriculture is also another aspect of agricultural development.

The ultimate aim of agricultural development is to increase food security. Agriculture has developed at different places in different parts of the world. Developing countries with large populations usually practise intensive agriculture where crops are grown on small holdings mostly for subsistence.

  1. Define the following:
a) Birth rate
b) Death rate
c) Migration

Ans.Birth rate is the number of births per 1,000 people and death rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 people. Births and deaths are the natural causes of population change.

Death Rate- The ratio of deaths to the population of a particular area or during a particular period of time, usually calculated as the number of deaths per one thousand people per year.

Migration-Movement of people from one area to another is called migration. People move with the intention of settling permanently in the new location.

  1. What were the different reasons people had for not sending the girls to school?

Ans.The different reasons people had for not sending girls to school were:

 (i) It would prevent them from doing their domestic duties.

(ii)’They would have to travel through public places in order to reach school.

(iii) People feared that school would take girls away from home.

  1. 23. How is Nomadic farming practiced? What does the reared animal provide to the herders and their families?

Ans. Nomadic herding is practised in the semi-arid and arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India, like Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir. In this type of farming, herdsmen move from place to place with their animals for fodder and water, along defined routes.

This type of movement arises in response to climatic constraints and terrain, sheep, camel, yak and goats are most commonly reared. They provide milk, meat, wool hides and other products to the herders and their families.

  1. Why did Mahatma Gandhi want to teach children handicrafts?

Ans. According to Gandhiji literacy in itself was not education. He felt that it was important to begin the child’s education by teaching it a useful handicraft and enabling it to produce from the moment it begins its training. He thought that every handicraft had to be taught not merely mechanically but scientifically, the child should know the why and the wherefore of every process.

  1. Who were the Moderates? How did they propose to struggle against British rule?

Ans. In the first twenty years of its existence, the Congress was “moderate” in its objectives and methods. The Congress leaders of this period were called the Moderates. They  proposed  to struggle against British  rule in non-violent  manner  which  the  radicals called  “politics of  petitions”. They wanted to develop public awareness about the unjust nature  of British  rule.  They  published  newspapers,  wrote articles,  and  showed how the British  rule was leading  to the economic  ruin  of  the country. They criticized British  rule in their  speeches  and  sent representatives todifferent parts of  the country  to  mobilise public opinion.  They  felt that the British  had  respect for  the ideals  of  freedom  and  justice,  and  so would  accept the just demands of  Indians.

  1. 26. What are the main factors which influence the location of an industry?

The factors affecting the location of industries are:

The availability of raw material, land, water, labour, power, capital, transport and market. Industries are situate d where some or all of these factors are easily available. Sometimes, the government provides incentives like subsidised power, lower transport cost and other infrastructure so that industries may be located in backward areas. Industrialisation often leads to development and growth of towns and cities.

  1. Write the three problems that the newly independent nation of India faced?

Ans.     The three problems that the newly independent nation of India faced are as follows:

Three  problems that the  newly independent  nation  of  India  faced:

  → As a  result  of  Partition,  8  million  refugees  had  come  into the country  from Pakistan.  These  people  had  to be  found  homes  and  jobs.

   → The  maharajas and  nawabs  of  the  princely  states (almost  500)  had  to be persuaded  to join  the  new  nation. 

 → A  political  system  had  to be  adopted  which  would  best  serve  the hopes and expectations of  the  Indian  population.of a large number of refugees.

 Section – C

Case Study based Questions:

  1. Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:

In principle, all citizens of India can access the courts in this country. This implies that every citizen has a right to justice through the courts. As you read earlier, the courts play a very significant role in protecting our Fundamental Rights. If any citizen believes that their rights are being violated, then they can approach the court for justice to be done. While the courts are available for all, in reality, access to courts has always been difficult for a vast majority of the poor in India. Legal procedures involve a lot of money and paperwork as well as take up a lot of time. For a poor person who cannot read and whose family depends on a daily wage, the idea of going to court to get justice often seems remote. In response to this, the Supreme Court in the early 1980s devised a mechanism of Public Interest Litigation or PIL to increase access to justice. It allowed any individual or organization to file a PIL in the High Court or the Supreme Court on behalf of those whose rights were being violated. The legal process was greatly simplified and even a letter or telegram addressed to the Supreme Court or the High Court could be treated as a PIL. In the early years, PIL was used to secure justice on a large number of issues such as rescuing bonded labourers from inhuman work conditions; and securing the release of prisoners in Bihar who had been kept in jail even after their punishment term was complete.

28.1.    The courts play a very significant role in ____________.

  1. protecting our Fundamental Rights
  2. violating our rights
  3. Both a and b
  4. None of these

28.2.    Why, in reality, access to courts has always been difficult for a vast majority of the poor in India?

  1. a) Legal procedures involve a lot of money
  2. Paperwork as well as take up a lot of time.
  3. c) Both a and b
  4. None of these

28.3.    What is the full form of ‘PIL’?

  1. Private Interest Litigation
  2. Public Interest Litigation
  3. Public Investment Litigation
  4. None of these

28.4.    In the early years, PIL was used to ___________________________.

  1. secure justice on a large number of issues
  2. for rescuing bonded labourers from inhuman work conditions
  3. for securing the release of prisoners
  4. All of these

Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:

Industries may be agro-based, mineral-based, marine-based, and forest-based depending on the type of raw materials they use. Agro-based industries use plant and animal-based products as their raw materials. Food processing, vegetable oil, cotton textile, dairy products, and leather industries are examples of agro-based industries. Mineral-based industries are primary industries that use mineral ores as their raw materials. The products of these industries feed other industries. Iron made from iron ore is the product of mineral-based industry. This is used as raw material for the manufacture of a number of other products, such as heavy machinery, building materials, and railway coaches. Marine-based industries use products from the sea and oceans as raw materials. Industries processing seafood or manufacturing fish oil are some examples. Forest-based industries utilize forest produce as raw materials. The industries associated with forests are pulp and paper, pharmaceuticals, furniture, and buildings.

29.1.    On the basis of raw materials we have __________ industries.

  1. a) Three                                b) Four
  2. c) Five                                   d) Six

29.2.    What is used in agro based industries as the raw materials?

  1. a) Iron                                       b) Plant and animal based products        
  2. c) Both a) & b)                          d) None of these

29.3.    ____________ industries use mineral ores as their raw material.

  1. Agro based                                   b) Mineral based     
  2. Marine based                                 d) Forest based

29.4.    Which industries’ products feed other industries?

    (a) Agro based                  (b) Mineral based             

    (c) Marine based                 (d) Forest based

  1. Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:

From the early nineteenth century, many British officials began to criticise the Orientalist vision of learning. They said that knowledge of the East was full of errors and unscientific thought; Eastern literature was non-serious and light-hearted. So they argued that it was wrong on the part of the British to spend so much effort in encouraging the study of Arabic and Sanskrit language and literature. James Mill was one of those who attacked the Orientalists. The British effort, he declared, should not be to teach what the natives wanted, or what they respected, in order to please them and “win a place in their heart”. The aim of education ought to be to teach what was useful and practical. So Indians should be made familiar with the scientific and technical advances that the West had made, rather than with the poetry and sacred literature of the Orient. By the 1830s the attack on the Orientalists became sharper. One of the most outspoken and influential critics of the time was Thomas Babington Macaulay. He saw India as an uncivilized country that needed to be civilised. No branch of Eastern knowledge, according to him could be compared to what England had produced.

30.1     What did British officials begin to criticize?

  1. The Orientalist vision of learning
  2. English education
  3. Both a) & b)
  4. None of these

30.2   According to James Mill, what should be the aim of education?

  1. a) The aim of education ought to be to teach what was useful and practical.

b)The aim of education should be to teach what the natives wanted.

c) The aim of education should be to please the natives

d) Both b) & c)

30.3     ‘He saw India as an uncivilised country that needed to be civilised’. Who is he in this statement?

  1. a) James Mill
  2. b) Thomas Babington Macaulay
  3. c) None of these
  4. d) Both a )and b)

30.4.    No branch of _______ knowledge, according to him could be compared to what England had produced.

  1. a) Western
  2. b) Eastern
  3. c) Both a and b
  4. d) None of these
  5. Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:

It is in these circumstances that Mahatma Gandhi emerged as a mass leader. As you may know, Gandhiji, aged 46, arrived in India in 1915 from South Africa. Having led Indians in that country in non-violent marches against racist restrictions, he was already a respected leader, known internationally. His South African campaigns had brought him in contact with various types of Indians: Hindus, Muslims, Parsis and Christians; Gujaratis, Tamils, and north Indians; and upper-class merchants, lawyers and workers. Mahatma Gandhi spent his first year in India travelling throughout the country, understanding the people, their needs and the overall situation. His earliest interventions were in local movements in Champaran, Kheda, and Ahmedabad where he came into contact with Rajendra Prasad and Vallabhbhai Patel. In Ahmedabad, he led a successful millworkers’ strike in 1918.  Let us now focus in some detail on the movements organised between 1919 and 1922.

31.1     What was the age of Mahatma Gandhi when he arrived in India in 1915  from South Africa?

  1. a) 28
  2. b) 35
  3. c) 46
  4. d) 50

31.2     Who was a respected leader and known internationally?

  1. a) MahatmaGandhi
  2. b) Rajendra Prasad             
  3. c) Vallabhbhai Patel.
  4. d) None of these

31.3     How did Mahatma Gandhi spend his first year in India?

  1. a) Intravelling throughout the country
  2. b) In understanding the people, their needs, and the overall situation of the country.
  3. c) Both a) & b)
  4. d) None of these

31.4     In Ahmedabad he led a successful ____________________ strike in _____________.

  1. a) Champaran,1915
  2. b) millworkers’, 1918
  3. c) Kheda, 1920
  4. d) None of these

Section – D

Long Answer Type Questions. Do any 5 Questions.

  1. What type of issues are handled by the courts of India? Describe the work of the judiciary in brief.

Ans. To enforce this rule of law, we have a judicial system that consists of the mechanism of courts that a citizen can approach when a law is violated. The judiciary is a part of the government and plays a crucial role in the functioning of India’s democracy.

Role of the Judiciary

Courts take decisions on a very large number of issues. Broadly speaking, the work that the judiciary does can be divided into the following:

  1. Dispute Resolution: The judicial system provides a mechanism for resolving disputes between citizens, between citizens and the government, between two state governments and between the centre and state governments.
  2. Judicial Review: As the final interpreter of the Constitution, the judiciary also has the power to strike down particular laws passed by the Parliament if it believes that these are a violation of the basic structure of the Constitution. This is called judicial review.
  3. Upholding the Law and Enforcing Fundamental Rights: Every citizen of India can approach the Supreme Court or the High Court if they believe that their Fundamental Rights have been violated.
  1. Which industry is often referred to as the backbone of modern industry and why?

Ans. Steel is often called the backbone of modern industry. Almost everything we use is either made of iron or steel or has been made with tools and machinery of these metals. Ships, trains, trucks, and autos are made largely of steel. Even the safety pins and the needles you use are made from steel. Oil wells are drilled with steel machinery. Steel pipelines transport oil. Minerals are mined with steel equipment. Farm machines are mostly steel. Large buildings have steel framework.

  1. Define population change. How do the following factors affect the distribution of population?
    i) Topography
    ii) Climate
    iii) Soil
    iv) Water
    v) Minerals.

Ans. Population change-

The population change refers to change in the number of people during a specific time. The world population has not been stable.

Factors affecting the distribution of the population:

1. Topography: People always prefer to live on plains rather than mountains and plateaus because these

areas are suitable for farming, manufacturing and service activities. The Ganga plains are the most densely

populated areas of the world while mountains like Andes, Alps, and Himalayas are sparsely populated.

Climate: People usually avoid extreme climates that are very hot or very cold like Sahara desert, polar regions of Russia, Canada and Antarctica.

2. Soil: Fertile soils provide suitable land for agriculture.Fertile plains such as the Ganga and Brahmaputra in India,

Hwang-He, Chang Jiang in China and the Nile in Egypt are densely populated.

3. Water: People prefer to live in the areas where freshwater is easily available. The river valleys of the

world are densely populated while deserts have sparepopulation.

4. Minerals: Areas with mineral deposits are morepopulated. Diamond mines of South Africa and discovery

of oil in the Middle east lead to settling of people inthese areas.

  1. Explain William Adam’s report produced on the progress of education in vernacular schools.

Ans. The Report of William Adam:

In 1830s William Adam, a Scottish missionary, was given the charge by the company to tour the district of Bengal and Bihar. He was asked to report on the progress of education in local schools.

Adam found that the system of education in the local schools, known as pathshala, was flexible. There were no fixed fees, no benches or chair, no system of separate classes, no annual examination. In some places classes were held under a banyan tree, in other places in the corner of a village’s shop or temple, or at the teacher’s home. Teaching was oral and teacher decide what to teach.

  1. Give a detailed description on the features of the Indian Constitution.

Ans.  The features of the constitution are:

Ist: The adoption of the Universal Adult Franchise, means that all Indians above the age of 21 would be allowed to vote in state and national elections.

IInd: The Constitution guaranteed equality before the law to all citizens, regardless of their castes or religious affiliation.

IIIrd: The Constitution offers special privileges for the poorer and the most disadvantaged Indian. The practice of untouchability was abolished .

  1. How was the economic development of India visualised in the early decades after independence.

Ans.    The economic development of India visualised in the early decades after independence. Removing poverty and building a modern technical and industrial base were important objectives for the new nation. In 1950, the government set up a Planning Commission to help design and execute suitable policies for economic development. The First Five Year Plan worked from 18th April 1951 to 31 March 1956. In this plan more stress was given on agricultural de- development, as India is an agricultural country. From 1950 to 1990-91, India followed ‘mixed economy’ model. In 1956, the Second Five Year Plan was formulated. This focused strongly on the development of heavy industries such as steel, and on the building of large dams. These sectors would be under the control of the State. This focus on heavy industry, and the effort at state regulation of the economy was to guide economic policy for the next few decades. This approach had many strong supporters, but also some vocal critics. Since independence our country has made great progress in all spheres of life.. Its agriculture and industry have made a significant development. Technologically also India is on path of continuous development as rapidly growing power has been recognised. After independence a number of steps were taken by the government to make the balanced growth of all the regions of the country

  1. Explain the following Act passed by Britishers-

a) The Arms Act 1878

b) The Vernacular Press Act 1878

c) The Ilbert Bill

Ans.The following Act passed by Britishers-

1.The Arms Act-The Arms Act was passed in 1878. This Act disallowed Indians from possessing arms.

2.The Vernacular press-The Vernacular Press Act was passed in 1878. This Act empowered the government to confiscate the assets of newspapers including their printing presses, if the newspaper published anything “objectionable”.

3.Ilbert Bill-The government tried to introduce the Ilbert Bill in 1883. The bill made provisions for trial of British or European persons by Indians. Thus, the Ilbert Bill sought equality between British and Indian judges in the country. But the whites opposed the Bill and forced the government to withdraw it.

  1. What is subsistence farming? Briefly explain its classifications.

Ans.Subsistence Farming: When farming is done to meet the needs of the farmer’s family, it is called subsistence farming. In subsistence farming, low levels of technology and household labour are generally utilised. Farming is done on smaller plots and output is also small. Subsistence farming can be further categorized as intensive subsistence and primitive subsistence farming.

  1. Intensive Subsistence Farming: In this type of farming, the farmer cultivates on a small plot of land. He uses simple tools and more labour. Places which have fertile soils and where the climate allows a large number of days with sunshine are suitable for this type of farming. In favourable climates, farmers are able to grow more than one crop in a year. Rice is the main crop in this type of farming. However, wheat, maize, pulses and oilseeds are also grown. This type of farming is prevalent in densely populated areas of the monsoon regions of south, southeast and east Asia.
  2. Primitive Subsistence Farming: Shifting cultivation and nomadic herding come under this type of farming.
  • Shifting Cultivation: In shifting cultivation, a small patch of land is cleared by felling the trees and burning them. Then the ashes are mixed withthe soil and seeds are broadcast. After a couple of years, the patch of the land is left fallow and the farmer moves on in search of a new patch of land. Shifting cultivation is practiced in thickly forested areas of Amazon basin, tropical Africa, parts of southeast Asia and Northeast India.
  • Nomadic Herding: In this type of farming, cattle, sheep, goat and camel are reared. The herdsmen move from place to place with their animals in search of new pastures. Nomadic herding is practiced in the semi-arid and arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia and some parts of India (like Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir).

Section – E

  1. Map Skill Based Questions:

Locate and label the following on a political map of India:

40.1.    Mark the countries on an outline map of the world showing major plantations found in the tropical regions of the world.                
(a) Rubber in Malaysia
(b) Coffee in Brazil
(c) Tea in India

(d) Cotton in China

e) Jute in Bangladesh

40.2.    Mark the following on an outline map of India. (Do any two)

The  Princely States before 14 August 1947

  • Hyderabad
  • Mysore
  • Kolhapur

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