class 7th S.S question Paper with Solution Annual

class 7th S.S question Paper with Solution Annual

Subject – Social Science
Class – VII
Duration: 3:00 hours                                                                               M.M.: 80
Instructions:
  1. There are five sections and 40 questions in this paper.
  2. Section A has 18 (Q. 1 to 18) Objective-type Questions of 1 mark each. Do any 16 Questions.
  3. Section B has 9 (Q. 19 to 27) Short Ans. type Ques. of 3 marks each. Do any 6 Questions.
  4. Section C has 4 (Q. 28 to 31) Case Study-based Questions of 4 marks each. Do all Questions.
  5. Section D has 8 (Q. 32 to 39) Long Ans. type Questions of 5 marks each. Do any 5 Questions.
  6. Section E has 1(Q. 40) map-based question. (2 marks from History & 3 marks from Geography.)
Note- Attach the filled-up map inside your answer book.
Section – A
Very Short Answer Type Questions. Do any 16 Questions.
  1. Match the following items given in column A with those in column B. Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
                   Column A                                                             Column B
a) Kathakali                                                                i) Andhra Pradesh
b) Kuchipudi                                                              ii) Orissa
c) Odissi                                                                     iii)Tamil Nadu
d) Bharatanayam                                                      iv) Kerala
                   Options:             
a) a – ii, b – i, c-iv, d-iii
b) a – iii,b – iv, c – i, d – ii
c) a – iv, b-i, c-ii, d-iii
d) a – i, b – iv, c – ii, d – iii
 
  1. The earth’s crust is broken into a number of huge parts. They are called__________________.
    a) Lithospheric plates                                             b) Metamorphic plates
c) Sedimentary plates                                              d) None of these
              
  1. When did Aurangzeb die?
  2. What makes the people of India equal?
    a) Religion
    b) Sex
    c) Vote
    d) None of these
  1. The language spoken in the Chera kingdom of Mahodayapuram was_____________________.
    a) Sanskrit
    b) Urdu
    c) Malayalam
    d) Persian
 
  1. Why is our environment changing?
Ans. As the atmosphere of the earth heats up, it collects, retains, and drops more water changing weather patterns and making wet areas wetter and dry areas drier. Higher temperatures worsen and increase the frequency of many types of disasters, including storms, floods, heat waves, and droughts.
 
State whether true or false.
  1. Fishing was a very important activity on the islands.
               Ans.  True
  1. Poverty and lack of resources are the reasons for inequality in the lives of people.
               Ans.  True
 
  1. Fourteenth-century text of Sanskrit which deals with grammar and poetry is called______________
a)Lilatilakam
b) Miniature
c) Basohli
d) Dialect
Ans. a) Lilatilakam
  1. What do you mean by the term ‘Buranjis’?

Ans. Buranjis are a class of historical chronicles and manuscripts written initially in the Ahom Language

 
Fill in the blanks:
  1. Two main components of environment are__________ and_____________.
Ans.  plants and animals.
  1. What do you mean by clan?
Ans. A group of families which are related to each other.
  1. Match the following items given in column A with those in column B. Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
Column A                                                                          Column B
a) Land                                                                         i) Lithosphere
b) Animals, Plants                                                     ii) Atmosphere
c) Mountains, Plateau and Plains                          iii) Abiotic
d) Gases, Water Vapour, Dust                                iv) Biotic
               Options:             
a) a – ii, b – i, c-iv, d-iii
b) a – iii,b – iv, c – i, d – ii
c) a – iv, b-ii, c-i, d-iii
d) a – i, b – iv, c -iii, d – ii
 
  1. Which statement is not true about Tropical Evergreen forests?
a) These are also called the monsoon forests.
b) These forests are found in hot and heavy rainfall regions.
c) There is no particular dry region.
d) The thick canopies of the closely spaced trees do not allow sunlight inside the forest.
 
  1. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statement and choose the correct option:
Assertion (A): Man modifies his environment.
Reason (R): With time needs grow and become more varied. Humans learn new ways to use and change the environment.
               Options:
a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
c) A is correct but R is wrong.
d) A is wrong but R is correct.
 
  1. In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:
Assertion (A):In a democracy, it is the people who elect their representatives as members of legislative assembly.
Reason (R):These are the ministers who have the main authority.
Options:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A. 
b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A. 
c) A is correct but R is wrong.
d) A is wrong but R is correct.

Q17. Religious biographies are called __________________.

(a) autobiography
(b) geography
(c) photography
(d) hagiography

Q18. Name the person in the picture given below:

Ans. Melani and her daughter
Section – B
 Short Answer type questions: (Do any Six Questions)
  1. How did AsafJah consolidate his power?
Ans. Asaf Jah appointed mansabdars and granted jagirs. Although he was still a servant of the Mughal emperor, he ruled quite independently without seeking any direction from Delhi or facing any interference. The Mughal emperor merely confirmed the decisions already taken by the Nizam.
  1. Which were the major ideas expressed by Kabir?
Ans. The major ideas expressed by Kabir were a rejection of the major religious traditions and belief in a formless Supreme God. For Kabir, the path of salvation was through bhakti or devotion. He expressed his ideas through verses called sakhis and pads.
  1. What was the effect of migration of people from West Bengal to South east Bengal?
Ans.  During the Bangladesh liberation war with West Pakistan, an estimated 10 million people of East Pakistan (present day Bangladesh) fed the country and took refuge in India particularly in the Indian state of West Bengal  and Indian North East region.
 
  1. How were the Banjaras important for the economy? Explain.
Ans.   The Banjaras were very important for the economy. They were trader-nomads and controlled trade and commerce. They played an important role in transporting grain to the city markets. They usually bought grain where it was cheaply available and carried it to places where it was dearer. From there, they again reloaded their oxen with anything that could be profitably sold in other places.
  1. State the main reasons why people do not have equality.
Ans. The main reasons why people do not have equality are:
  • Poverty- Poor people are discriminated in the society many times.
  • Lack of resources-Due to lack of resources people in society are not able to have all privileges provided by government.
  • Discrimination on the basis of religion, caste and sex.
  • Lack of dignity and respect for certain communities.
  1. Which are three broad categories of natural vegetation?
Ans.Natural vegetation is a community of plants that are grown without any human aid. They are classified into 3 broad categories: Forests, Grasslands, Shrubs.Forest: It is a large area of land that supports a complex ecosystem comprising dense growth of trees and numerous life forms. 
Grasslands: These are vast land thickly covered with grasses and can grow very tall, about 3 to 4 meters in height. They grow in regions of moderate rainfall. These are classified as : Tropical grasslands and Temperate grasslands. Grasslands have different names in different regions.
Shrubs: These are small, woody plants with widely scattered stems, often referred as bushes. These can be dense, thorny shrubs and scrubs in arid areas with average rainfall upto 250 to 500.
  1. Give an account of the Indian Constitution as a living document.
Ans. The Indian Constitution is called a living document because it can be amended or changed. Our Constitution accepts the necessity of modifications according to changing needs of the society. Secondly, in the actual working of the Constitution, there has been enough flexibility of interpretations. The Constitution is an instrument that societies create for themselves. Thus, both political practice and judicial rulings have shown maturity and flexibility in implementing the Constitution.
 
  1. Describe the life of the Samoan people in the 1920s.
Ans. Samoan islands are in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean. According to a research Samoan children did not go to school. They learnt to take care of younger siblings and fishing. They learnt these at different stages of childhood. Fishing being important, they learn long fishing expeditions.
 
  1. What are Exogenic and Endogenic forces?
Ans. The forces which act in the interior of the earth are called as Endogenic forces  and the forces that work on the surface of the earth are called as  Exogenic force.
Endogenic forces sometimes produce sudden movements and at the other times produce slow movements. Sudden movements like  earthquakes  and  volcanoes  cause mass destruction over the surface of the earth.
Section – C
Case Study based Questions:
  1. Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:
Lithosphere is the solid crust or the hard top layer of the earth. It is made up of rocks and minerals and covered by a thin layer of soil. It is an irregular surface with various landforms such as mountains, plateaus, plains, valleys, etc. Landforms are found over the continents and also on the ocean floors. Lithosphere is the domain that provides us forests, grasslands for grazing, land for agriculture and human settlements. It is also a source of mineral wealth.The domain of water is referred to as hydrosphere. It comprises various sources of water and different types of water bodies like rivers, lakes, seas, oceans, etc. It is essential for all living organisms. The atmosphere is the thin layer of air that surrounds the earth. The gravitational force of the earth holds the atmosphere around it. It protects usfrom the harmful rays and scorching heat of the sun. It consists of a number of gases, dust and water vapour. The changes in the atmosphere produce changes in the weather and climate. Plant and animal kingdom together make biosphere or the living world. It is a narrow zone of the earth where land, water and air interact with each other to support life.
28.1.The hard top layer of the earth is known as ___________.
a) lithosphere
b) hydrosphere
c) atmosphere
d) None of these
              
28.2.      What does the lithosphere domain provide us?
a) Forests
b) Grasslands for grazing
c) Land for agriculture and human settlements
d) All of these
28.3.      What is the name of the force that holds the atmosphere around the earth?
a) Gravitational Force
b) Endogenic Force
c) Exogenic Force
d) Both b) & c)
 
28.4       ________ is a narrow zone of the earth where land, water and air interact with each other to support life.
a) Lithosphere
b) Hydrosphere
c) Atmosphere
d) Biosphere
 
  1. Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:
Every state in India has a Legislative Assembly. Each state is divided into different areas or constituencies. For example, the state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into 68 assembly constituencies. From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). You would have noticed that people stand for elections in the name of different parties. These MLAs, therefore, belong to different political parties. How do people who are MLAs become ministers or chief minister? A political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in a majority. The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party and all other members are called the opposition. For example, the Legislative Assembly of the state of Himachal Pradesh has 68 MLA constituencies.
29.1. Who becomes an MLA?
a) The person chosen by the Prime Minister
b) From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)
c) From each constituency, the people elect many representatives who then become Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)
d) None of these
 
29.2. The state of Himachal Pradesh is divided into __________ number of constituencies.

a) 86                                       b) 66            

c) 68                                      d) 64

29.3. Which political party is called the ruling party?
a)The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party
b)The political party that has the minority is called the ruling party
c)The opposition  party

d) Both a) & c)

29.4.      The MLAs, belong to __________________ political parties.
a) Two b) Three                        
c) One d) different
Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:
Shankara, one of the most influential philosophers of India, was born in Kerala in the eighth century. He was an advocate of Advaita or the doctrine of the oneness of the individual soul and the Supreme God which is the Ultimate Reality. He taught that Brahman, the only or Ultimate Reality, was formless and without any attributes. He considered the world around us to be an illusion or maya, and preached renunciation of the world and adoption of the path of knowledge to understand the true nature of Brahman and attain salvation. Ramanuja, born in Tamil Nadu in the eleventh century, was deeply influenced by the Alvars. According to him the best means of attaining salvation was through intense devotion to Vishnu. Vishnu in His grace helps the devotee to attain the bliss of union with Him. He propounded the doctrine of Vishishtadvaita or qualified oneness in that the soul even when united with the Supreme God remained distinct. Ramanuja’s doctrine greatly inspired the new strand of bhakti which developed in north India subsequently.
30.1  Shankara was born in __________.

a) Tamil Nadu                                             b) Kerala

c) Himachal Pradesh                                 d) Maharashtra

30.2 Advaita means ______________.
a) The doctrine of the oneness of the individual soul and the Supreme God which is the Ultimate Reality
b) The best means of attaining salvation was through intense devotion to Vishnu
c) Qualified oneness in that the soul even when united with the Supreme God remained distinct
d) None of these
30.3       Who had considered the world around us to be an illusion or maya?
a) Shankara
b) Ramanuja
c) Both a) & b)
d) None of these
30.4       ‘He propounded the doctrine of Vishishtadvaita or qualified oneness in that the soul even when united with the Supreme God remained distinct.’Who is he in this statement?

a) Shankara b) Ramanuja

c) Alvars d) None of these

Read the extract and answer the questions that follow:

If heroic traditions can be found in different regions in different forms, the same is true of dance. Let us look at the history of one dance form, Kathak, now associated with several parts of north India. The term kathak is derived from katha, a word used in Sanskrit and other languages for story. The kathaks were originally a caste of story-tellers in temples of north India, who embellished their performances with gestures and songs. Kathak began evolving into a distinct mode of dance in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries with the spread of the bhakti movement. The legends of Radha-Krishna were enacted in folk plays called rasa lila, which combined folk dance with the basic gestures of the kathak story-tellers. Under the Mughal emperors and their nobles, Kathak was performed in the court, where it acquired its present features and developed into a form of dance with a distinctive style. Subsequently, it developed in two traditions or gharanas: one in the courts of Rajasthan (Jaipur) and the other in Lucknow. Under the patronage of Wajid Ali Shah, the last Nawab of Awadh, it grew into a major art form.
31.1       The legends of Radha-Krishna were enacted in folk plays called___________________.

a) Ram lila

b) Rasa lila

c) Both a and b

d) None of these

31.2       Who were the kathaks?

a) The kathaks were brahmins

b) The kathakswere originally a caste of story-tellers in temples of north India

c) Radha and Krishna were known as kathaks

d) None of these

31.3       Kathak began evolving into a distinct mode of dance in __________.

a) Fifteenth and sixteenth centuries

b) Fourteenth and Fifteenth centuries

c) Fifteenth century

d) None of these

31.4       Kathak developed in two traditions or gharanas: one in the courts of ________ and the other in ____________________.

a) Rajasthan(Jaipur), Lucknow

b) Kerala, Tamil Nadu

c) Himachal Pradesh, Lucknow

d) Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu

Section – D
Long Answer Type Questions. Do any 5 Questions.
  1. Explain all the features made by a river in a flood plain. 
Ans.The running water in the river erodes the landscape. When the river tumbles at a steep angle over very hard rocks or down a deep valley side it forms a waterfall. While entering the plain the river twists and turns and forms large bends which are known as meanders. Due to continuous erosion and deposition along the sides of the meander, the ends of the meanders loop come closer and closer. In-due course of time the meander loop cuts off from the river and forms cut-off lake, which is also called an ox-bow lake.

 Sometimes, the river overflows its banks causing flood in the neighboring areas. As it floods, it deposits layers of the fine soil and other material called sediments along its banks. As a result fertile floodplain is formed. The raised banks are called levees.

  1. What is an earthquake? What are some common earthquake prediction methods? And also give an account of earthquake preparedness.
Ans.  When the lithospheric plates move, the surface of the earth vibrates. The vibrations can travel all round the earth. These vibrations are called earthquakes. Some common earthquake prediction methods are:
  1. Wild animal behavior
  2. Agitated fish in the ponds
  3. Snakes coming out to the surface from their holes
  4. Animals trying to untie themselves and run away
  5. Birds leaving their nests and beginning to chatter loudly
  6. Aborigines beginning to run to higher grounds.
When an earthquake strikes we should do the following:
  1. We should be in a safe spot like:
  2. under a kitchen counter, table or desk
  3. We should stand against an inside comer or wall
  4. We should stay away from fire places, areas around chimneys, windows that shatter including mirrors and picture frames
  5. We should be prepared by arousing awareness amongst our friends and family members
  6. We should face any disaster confidently
 
  1. What are the important architectural features of the temples of Bengal?
           Ans.Architectural features of the temples of Bengal:
  1. Double roofed or dochala, four roofed (chauchala).
  2. Comparative more complex-four roofed structures-four triangular roofs placed on four walls moved up to coverage on curved line or a point.
  3. Built on a square platform.
  4. Interior plain.
  5. Outer walls decorated with paintings, ornamental tiles or terracotta tablets.
  6. What were the main teachings of Baba Guru Nanak?
         Ans. Main teachings of Baba Guru Nanak are:
  1. Worship of one God.
  2. Irrelevance of caste, creed, and gender for attaining liberation.
  3. The pursuit of active life with a strong sense of social commitment.
  4. Nam, the dam, is the major essence of his teachings.
  5. Nam-japna, kirt-kama, and vandChakhna basis of right belief, and worship, honest living and helping others.
  6. The idea of equality.
                                                                                         
  1. Why do you think equality is important to us? What would be your contribution towards removing inequality?
Ans. Our Constitution provides that the state shall not discriminate against any citizen on the basis of religion, race, caste, sex or region.
It is important for all people to be equal because only then our society would develop in true sense of the term. It is our right to be treated equally. It is our right to be given due respect. It is our right to be given equal opportunities. In absence of all these, our life would be hell. Our personality would be suppressed. Hence, we need equality so that we may go ahead without any hindrances. We may prove ourselves helpful in the development of the society and country. 
  1. 37. The animals in the polar region have thick fur and thick skin. Give reasons.
  Ans.  The animals in the polar region have thick fur and thick skin because of the following reasons:
  • Polar regions are very cold.
  • Animals that do not have thick fur and thick skin cannot survive in these harsh and cold climates.
  • They have to protect themselves from the cold by thick fur and thick skin.
  1. Write a short note on the life of:
(a) Gonds
(b) Ahoms
Ans..
 (a) Gonds- The Gonds lived in a vast forested region known as Gondwanaand they practised shifting cultivation. The large Gond tribe was divided into many other smaller clans and were built near a mountain or river which were later fortified with dense forests. Of each large Gond tribe was divided and had a different raja or rai.
(b) Ahoms-     Ahomsare said to have created a new state by suppressing the older political system of the bhuiyans. They annexed the kingdoms of the Chhatigar and Koch-Hajo and subjugated many other tribes. The Mughals under Mir Jumla attacked the Ahom kingdom in 1662. Their society was divided into clans or khels.
 
  1. The type and thickness of vegetation changes from place to place. Give reasons.
Ans. The growth of vegetation depends on temperature and moisture. It also depends on factors like slope and thickness of soil. The type and thickness of natural vegetation varies from place to place because of the variation in these factors. Natural vegetation is generally classified in to three broad categories as follows:
  • Forests: Which grow where temperature and rainfall are plentiful to support a tree cover. Depending upon these factors, dense and open forests are grown.
  • Grasslands: Which grow in the region of moderate rain. (c) Shrubs: Thorny shrurbs and scrubs grow in the dry region
    : Section – E
  1. Map Skill Based Questions:               
Locate and label the following on a political map of India:

A) Area under the Ahom tribe-  Assam

(b) Panipat-   Haryana  

B) On an outline map of the world locate and label the following: (Do any three)

a) One area having Tropical Evergreen forests

b) ) One area having Tropical Deciduous Forest

c) ) One area having Coniferous Forest

d) ) One area having Tropical Grassland

 
 
 

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